COSTS OF THE RTP
BIG MOVE #9
An Investment Strategy to provide immediate, stable and predictable funding.
Adopt the Metrolinx Investment Strategy to begin providing stable and predictable capital and operating funding to support the implementation of the RTP.
Pre-engineering capital costs were estimated for the regional rapid transit and highway network
identified in Schedules 1 and 2 based on industry-standard unit costs, and costs for similar types
of road and transit facilities. In some cases, broad assumptions were made with respect to the
need for structures, tunnelling and other higher-cost construction activities. Contingencies are
included in the unit costs to reflect minor property acquisition and other cost uncertainties. For
transit, a cost component for transit vehicles and operations, and maintenance facilities was also
included in the capital costs. It is important to note that these costs may vary based on alignment,
technology, station spacing and design, and other project scope factors that will be determined
during the Benefits Case Analysis (BCA).
The estimated costs relate only to the upgrade and expansion of the regional transportation
network and do not include deferred maintenance (“state of good repair”), any required
investment to upgrade the accessibility of facilities, investment in local transit or local roads, or the
extension of the regional transportation network outside of the GTHA. The transit capital costs are
net of existing funding (e.g. Spadina Subway extension, AcceleRide, Mississauga Transitway).
Capital costs also include capital costs for the programs described in the RTP’s Strategies that are
designed to improve the efficiency and capacity of the system. This includes up to $20 million per
year for active transportation infrastructure and up to $50 million per year for capital
improvements at mobility hubs.
Capital costs for highway improvements are limited to the costs for controlled-access
expressways and are estimated to be an additional $5 billion. They include projects that are in
the Ministry of Transportation’s five-year capital program for expansion and the 25-year High
Occupancy Vehicle network proposal as of July 2007, but do not include widening or extension
of non-controlled-access local or provincial roads, or capital improvements beyond the current
Ministry of Transportation capital program.
OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE COSTS
Operating and maintenance cost estimates are provided for the regional rapid transit and highway
network identified in Schedules 1 and 2, including both new and existing services. These costs also
include program costs described in the RTP, such as TDM measures and other directions that are
designed to make more efficient use of the road and transit network. Costs do not include local
transit or regional bus services, although it is important to note that these services would have to
be increased and/or adjusted to provide connections to the regional network.
Cost estimates are based on current delivery methods, and headway and operating speed
assumptions adopted in the model. As with capital cost estimates, operating costs will vary
depending on technologies and operating conditions that will be determined as part of the
Benefits Case Analysis.
For transit, at full build-out and with full program implementation, operating and maintenance
costs are estimated at approximately $1.5 billion per year. For controlled-access expressways,
operating and maintenance costs are estimated at $230 million per year, and include
rehabilitation and reconstruction. They do not include costs related to non-controlled-access local
or provincial roads.