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Benefits Case Analyses

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The role of BCAs

A Benefits Case Analysis (BCA) is a tool that decision-makers use to ensure major transportation infrastructure investment is consistent with the goals and objectives of The Big Move.

Employed early in the project planning process, and subsequently updated as projects evolve, the BCA examines several different high-level transit options within the context of a spectrum of considerations: transportation user benefits compared to the financial impact; good value for tax-payer dollars; environmental, economic and social benefits of the various alternatives; the impacts that a project has on communities; and alignment with the current policy objectives.

This type of standardized project analysis is not meant to be a replacement tool for decision-making, but rather a point of reference for decision-makers, providing an informed view of the project and possible alternatives. It is imbedded and part of the guiding principles of The Big Move, goals, objectives and policies we have in place.

The Benefits Case Analysis Reports for the projects done to date can be downloaded below:
Brampton Queen Street Rapid Transit Benefits Case Analysis Report
Dundas Street Benefits Case Analysis Report
Durham-Scarborough Benefits Case Analysis Report
Eglinton Crosstown Light Rail Transit Benefits Case Analysis Report
GO Lakeshore Benefits Case Analysis Report
GO Rail Benefits Case Analysis Report
Hamilton King-Main Benefits Case Analysis Report
Hurontario-Main Benefits Case Analysis Report
Relief Line Preliminary Benefits Case Analysis
Scarborough RT Benefits Case Analysis Report
Sheppard-Finch Benefits Case Analysis Report
VIVA Benefits Case Analysis Report
Yonge North Subway Extension Benefits Case Analysis Report

Brampton Queen Street Rapid Transit Benefits Case Analysis Report

Brampton Queen Street Rapid Transit Benefits Case Analysis Report

The Brampton Queen Street Rapid Transit project was identified in The Big Move as a Metrolinx priority project. The project envisions rapid transit between Downtown Brampton and Vaughan Metropolitan Centre along Queen Street.

The Brampton Queen Street Rapid Transit BCA examined four options: full Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), full Light Rail Transit (LRT), and partial BRT and LRT configurations. Results indicated that all four options could accommodate the long-term travel demand and growth in this corridor. A clear, preferred option was not identified at this level of study.

Metrolinx staff will continue to work collaboratively with Brampton on the detailed planning, design, and engineering work plan to assess the most appropriate technology for the corridor.
Full report

Dundas Street Benefits Case Analysis Report

Dundas Street Benefits Case Analysis Report

The Dundas Street Rapid Transit project was identified in The Big Move, a Regional Transportation Plan, as a Metrolinx priority project. The project envisions higher order rapid transit from Kipling station in Toronto along a 37 km stretch of Dundas Street to Hwy. 407 in Burlington.

The Dundas Street Benefits Case Analysis examined four options – Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Light where buses operate in mixed traffic; full BRT from Kipling to Hurontario where buses operate in a dedicated lane with BRT Light from Hurontario to Hwy. 407; Light Rail Transit (LRT) from Kipling to Hurontario and BRT Light to Hwy. 407; and fully separated BRT along the whole corridor. All BRT options generate positive benefits for the transportation user, and positive financial, environmental, economic and socio-community impacts for the corridor.

Metrolinx staff will continue to work collaboratively with municipal and regional partners on developing the detailed planning, design, engineering workplan.
Full report

Durham-Scarborough Benefits Case Analysis Report

Durham-Scarborough Benefits Case Analysis Report

The Durham-Scarborough Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) project was identified in The Big Move, a Regional Transportation Plan, as a Metrolinx priority project. The project involves 36 km of higher order rapid ransit from Scarborough Centre Station in Toronto along Ellesmere Road and Hwy. 2 through Durham Region to downtown Oshawa linking Scarborough, Pickering, Ajax, Whitby and Oshawa together.

The Durham-Scarborough Benefits Case Analysis results showed that two of the three options evaluated – full BRT and partial BRT throughout Durham and Toronto – generate positive benefits for the transportation user, and positive financial, environmental, economic and socio-community impacts for the corridor as a whole.

Metrolinx staff will continue to work collaboratively with municipal and regional partners on developing the detailed planning, design, engineering workplan.
Full report

Eglinton Crosstown Light Rail Transit Benefits Case Analysis Report, June 2012

Eglinton Crosstown Light Rail Transit Benefits Case Analysis Report, June 2012

The Big Move identified rapid transit along Eglinton as a top priority project. The Benefits Case Analysis (BCA) provided decision-makers with a quantified evaluation of various options for the project. This analysis is a continuation of the study done in the Eglinton Crosstown Rapid Transit Benefits Case April 2009.

The BCA, completed in late 2012, reviewed options such as a subway, grade-separated light rapid transit and on-surface light rapid transit options. In April 2012, the Metrolinx Board of Directors endorsed allocating $8.4 billion in provincial funding across four light rail transit projects in Toronto. The report can be found here.

The Crosstown, the largest of the LRT projects, will reduce travel time along Eglinton significantly and will link to 54 bus routes, three interchange subway stations and GO Transit. All Crosstown stations will accept the new PRESTO payment card system and stations and vehicles will be fully accessible.
Full report

GO Lakeshore Benefits Case Analysis Report

GO Lakeshore Benefits Case Analysis Report

Electrified, express rail service in the Lakeshore corridor was identified in The Big Move, a Regional Transportation Plan, as a Metrolinx priority. As envisioned, the project would transform service in the Lakeshore corridor from Hamilton to Oshawa with fast, frequent electric trains replacing current diesel operations over time.

The Lakeshore Express Rail Benefits Case Analysis provides an evaluation of the comparative costs and benefits of potential service improvement alternatives in the short to medium term and for the ultimate Lakeshore express rail vision.

The Lakeshore Express Rail project will be considered within the broader context of the GO rail network, and as such, the Benefits Case Analysis is one of the many inputs to the GO Electrification Study,  that was completed and released in January 2011.
Full report

GO Rail Benefits Case Analysis Report

GO Rail Benefits Case Analysis Report

The GO Rail Benefits Case Analysis assesses improvements to GO rail service along the Barrie, Milton, Richmond Hill and Stouffville lines as well as the Lakeshore East Bowmanville extension as identified in The Big Move, a Regional Transportation Plan, as Metrolinx priority projects. For each of these corridors, the costs and benefits of improvements to two-way, all-day service were explored for the full corridor length with the exception of Richmond Hill, which included the extension to Bloomington Road, and Stouffville that looked at both two-way, all-day service to Unionville and Lincolnville.

The results showed that the improvement to two-way, all-day service on the Barrie, Milton, and Richmond Hill lines would generate positive benefits along the corridor. For the Stouffville line, the analysis showed that the benefits from service improvements along this corridor to Unionville station would balance the incurred costs, while the results from the Bowmanville extension showed that the benefits of two-way, all-day service did not outweigh the costs.

Metrolinx together with its operating division, GO Transit, used this analysis to inform the work done in the Electrification Study. It will continue to work collaboratively to further develop the planning, design and engineering along these corridors.
Full report

Hamilton King-Main Benefits Case Analysis Report

Hamilton Benefits Case Analysis Report

The Hamilton King-Main Rapid Transit was identified in The Big Move, a Regional Transportation Plan, as a Metrolinx priority project. The project envisions rapid transit between Eastgate Square and McMaster University via Downtown Hamilton along the Main Street/King Street corridor.

Rapid transit

The Hamilton King-Main Benefits Case Analysis demonstrated that all three options under evaluation – full Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), full Light Rail Transit (LRT) and partial LRT – will generate positive benefits for Hamilton and the region. All three options will be capable of accommodating long-term travel demand growth in the corridor.

Metrolinx staff will continue to work collaboratively with Hamilton on the detailed planning, design, and engineering workplan for the King-Main corridor.
Full report
Consultation boards
Scheme plans

Hurontario-Main Benefits Case Analysis Report

Hurontario-Main Benefits Case Analysis Report

The Hurontario-Main Rapid Transit project was identified in The Big Move, a Regional Transportation Plan, as a Metrolinx priority project. The project envisions higher order rapid transit from Port Credit to Downtown Brampton along the Hurontario-Main corridor.

The Hurontario-Main Benefits Case Analysis evaluated three options – full Light Rail Transit (LRT), full Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and an option with LRT in the southern segment and BRT in the northern segment. Both the full LRT and mixed LRT/BRT options generate positive benefits for the region and will be capable of accommodating long-term travel demand growth along the corridor. The full BRT option will not be capable of meeting projected 2021 capacity requirements.

Metrolinx staff will continue to work with Mississauga and Brampton on developing the detailed planning, design, engineering workplan.
Full report

Relief Line Preliminary Benefits Case Analysis

Relief Line Preliminary Benefits Case Analysis

The Relief Line Preliminary Benefits Case Analysis (pre-BCA) consolidates findings of previous several studies: Downtown Rapid Transit Expansion Study (DRTES) (TTC, October 2012), Union Station 2031 (Metrolinx, 2011), Union Station and USRC Capacity (Metrolinx, 2011), Union Station Pedestrian Movements Study (Metrolinx, City of Toronto, 2012), Interim Yonge North BCA (Metrolinx, 2009), and Yonge North BCA Update (Metrolinx, May 2013).

The Relief Line is an extremely important corridor that will affect the entire GTA. The pre-BCA presents evidence that major investment is warranted, and supports advancing the relief line project from The Big Move’s 25-year plan to the 15-year plan.

As well, the pre-BCA also recommends subsequent study that will analyze a full range of relief options, including the Relief Line, in a network context. Initiated in September 2013, the Yonge Relief Network Study will examine options and phasing for those options, while considering how best to leverage investment and to provide net benefits to the region as a whole. The analysis will study the Relief Line concept, as proposed by the TTC, but will also assess several different alternatives, such as various uses of GO Rail corridors and alternative fare policies. It is anticipated that the Yonge Relief Network Study will be complete in early 2015 with a more fulsome Benefits Case Analysis (BCA) embedded within the study.
Full report

Scarborough RT Benefits Case Analysis Report

Scarborough RT Benefits Case Analysis Report

The Scarborough Rapid Transit (RT) project was identified in The Big Move, a Regional Transportation Plan, as a Metrolinx priority project. The Benefits Case Analysis considers different investment options for replacing and extending the Scarborough RT service.

The existing vehicle fleet is aging and must be replaced and modified, and there is an opportunity to extend service toward Malvern Town Centre. The analysis looks at the investment merits of two technologies (Mark II and Light Rail Transit vehicles) and different extension scenarios to connect with Malvern Town Centre. The Benefits Case Analysis measures benefit-to-cost ratios of these options and also includes broader “triple bottom line” economic, environmental and social impacts.
Full report

Sheppard-Finch Benefits Case Analysis Report

Sheppard-Finch Benefits Case Analysis Report

The Sheppard-Finch Light Rail Transit project was identified in The Big Move, a Regional Transportation Plan, as a Metrolinx priority project. The Benefits Case Analysis considers multiple rapid transit investment options for the Sheppard East and Finch corridors. The project envisions rapid transit along Sheppard Avenue East and Finch Avenue West.

The analysis demonstrated that a continuous Light Rail Transit line that connects Sheppard East to Finch West via Don Mills Road generates the most benefits for cost. This option is recommended for next steps towards implementation.
Full report

VIVA Benefits Case Analysis Report

VIVA Benefits Case Analysis Report

The VIVA Benefits Case identifies the optimal investment scenario for York Region’s rapid transit system on Hwy. 7 and Yonge corridors.

The Benefits Case Analysis analyzes two scenarios in York Region, both where existing VIVA services will be upgraded to rapid transit to create an east-west spine on Hwy. 7, connecting with Züm on Queen Street to downtown Brampton, and from Newmarket to Richmond Hill Centre along Yonge Street. Under one scenario, the project is to be fully built by 2018, with the other scenario deferring construction of certain segments to 2026. While delaying construction returns a higher cost-benefit ratio, both options are feasible for moving forward.

Since the release of this Benefits Case Analysis, York Region has received $1.4 billion in funding from the Province to construct the rapidways envisioned in the deferred construction scenario.
Full report

Yonge North Subway Extension Benefits Case, May 2013

Yonge North Subway Extension Benefits Case, May 2013

The Yonge North Subway Extension Benefits Case Analysis includes an evaluation of three options: a full subway extension to Richmond Hill Centre; a phased subway to Steeles Avenue with Bus Rapid Transit service to Richmond Hill Centre; and a phased subway extension with increased parallel GO Rail service frequencies. This analysis is a continuation of the study done in the Yonge North Subway Extension Benefits Case 2009.

The findings from this most recent study will help inform the regional network analysis, which is currently underway to examine GO rail, subway, and potentially other options for providing greater transit capacity into Downtown Toronto. The analysis will support scope and phasing strategies for the relief options, in tandem with the Yonge North Subway Extension.

The Yonge North Subway Extension needs to be considered within the broader context of the Yonge North corridor. More detailed design work is required to determine the final scope of the Yonge North extension, including details such as the number of stations within the six-kilometre route. Metrolinx is working collaboratively with the City of Toronto, the TTC, and York Region on the detailed planning, design and engineering for the Yonge North corridor.
Full report

 
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